HK LIVER & GASTRO CARE

THERAPEUTIC

FOREIGN BODY REMOVAL

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There are two types of foreign bodies that are accidentally ingested- blunt and sharp. Blunt foreign bodies include coins, dentures, button batteries, sharp foreign bodies include needles, tablet wrappers, fish/chicken bones etc. They are removed using gadgets with endoscope under sedation

POLYPECTOMY

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A Polyp is a projecting growth of tissue from surface in the body, usually a mucus membrane. It can occur anywhere in the gastro intestinal tract. Some of them have a propensity to turn into malignancy(cancer). Removal of polyps by endoscope means is called polypectomy.Your doctor will decide when to do a polypectomy.

DILATATION

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Narrowing of the lumen at a particular -- is called stricture. If a stricture is formed in-- esophagus(food pipe) or stomach it interferes with --- swallowing. If stricture is formed in large intestine, it interferes with passage of stool. Strictures usually formed because of prolonged exposure-- gastric acid, corrosive poisoning, previous surgical-- or malignancy(cancer). Short strictures can be -- by endoscopic names

BLEEDING CONTROL

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BLEEDING CONTROLBlood in vomiting or black stools denote active bleeding in the gastro intestinal tract. Common causes include ulcers, abnormal blood vessels and cancers. This is a medical emergency and can be deact with endoscopically.

EUS GUIDE PROCEDURES

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EUS GUIDED PROCEDURESAny cancer require biopsy for confirmation and treatment. Various cancers in mid chest and upper abdomen can be biopsied through EUS in a risk free and painless manner. also chronic severe debilitating pancreatic pain can be managed by giving injections directly into nerves supplying pancreas.

ERCP

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CRCPA method for getting into the bile duct and pancreas through the mouth using a special endoscope. Bile that is secreted by the liver enters intestine through Bile duct. Similarly, pancreatic juice enters the intestine through pancreatic duct. Both Bile duct and pancreatic duct enter through the same common channel. These ducts can be obstructed by either stones or cancers causing stuere pain and jaundice. ERCP is done to relieve this obstruct result is almost instantaneous.

PEG

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A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a procedure for placing a feeding tube directly into the stomach through a small incision in the abdominal wall with the assistance of an instrument known as an endoscope.
This procedure is performed as a means of providing nutrition to patients who cannot take food by mouth. Many stroke patients, for example, have poor control over their swallowing muscles and are unable to safely consume enough food, or they have muscle weakness that allows food to leak into the lungs when they swallow things by mouth. Many of these patients will benefit from a PEG tube in order to receive adequate nutrition and to prevent them from respiratory problems that develop when food or fluids accidentally gets into the lungs